Fabrication cotton Yarn
United States. Census Office. Cost of materials used and value of products. General discussion Comparative statement excluding hosiery and knit goods by states and territoriesVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: DIY Weaving - How To Make Everything: Suit (5/10)
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Manufacturing process for cotton fabric
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Cotton 4 1. Objectives of Ring Spinning 22 2. Yarns 24 3. Yarn Fault 27 4. Slubs 27 4. Cotton No one knows exactly how old cotton is. Scientists searching caves in Mexico found bits of cotton bolls and pieces of cotton cloth that proved to be at least 7, years old. They also found that the cotton itself was much like that grown in America today. Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about A. When Columbus discovered America in , he found cotton growing in the Bahamas Islands.
By , cotton was known generally throughout the world. Cotton seed are believed to have been planted in Florida in and in Virginia in By , colonists were growing cotton along the James River in Virginia. Cotton was first spun by machinery in England in The industrial revolution in England and the invention of the cotton gin in the U. The gin, short for engine, could do the work 10 times faster than by hand.
The gin made it possible to supply large quantities of cotton fibres to the fast-growing textile industry. Within 10 years, the value of the U. The next step is to turn the remaining residue underneath the soil surface.
Producers who practice a style of farming called conservation tillage often choose to leave their stalks standing and leave the plant residue on the surface of the soil. In the spring, farmers prepare for planting in several ways. Producers who plant using no-till or conservation tillage methods, use special equipment designed to plant the seed through the litter that covers the soil surface. Producers in south Texas plant cotton as early as February. In Missouri and other northern parts of the Cotton Belt, they plant as late as June.
Seeding is done with mechanical planters which cover as many as 10 to 24 rows at a time. The planter opens a small trench or furrow in each row, drops in the right amount of seed, covers them and packs the earth on top of them. The seed is planted at uniform intervals in either small clumps or singularly.
Machines called cultivators are used to uproot weeds and grass, which compete with the cotton plant for soil nutrients, sunlight and water. About two months after planting, flower buds called squares appear on the cotton plants. In another three weeks, the blossoms open. Their petals change from creamy white to yellow, then pink and finally, dark red. After three days, they wither and fall, leaving green pods which are called cotton bolls. Inside the boll, which is shaped like a tiny football, moist fibres grow and push out from the newly formed seeds.
As the boll ripens, it turns brown. The fibres continue to expand under the warm sun. Finally, they split the boll apart and the fluffy cotton bursts forth. It looks like white cotton candy. Since hand labour is no longer used in the harvest cotton, the crop is harvested by machines, either a picker or a stripper. Doffers then remove the seed cotton from the spindles and knock the seed cotton into the conveying system.
A second kind of stripper harvester uses a broadcast attachment that looks similar to a grain header on a combine. All harvesting systems use air to convey and elevate the seed cotton into a storage bin referred to as a basket. Once the basket is full, the stored seed cotton is dumped into a boll buggy, trailer or module builder.
Seed cotton is removed from the harvester and placed in modules, relatively compact units of seed cotton. A cotton module, shaped like a giant bread loaf, can weigh up to 25, pounds.
The cotton first goes through dryers to reduce moisture content and then through cleaning equipment to remove foreign matter. These operations facilitate processing and improve fibre quality. The cotton is then air conveyed to gin stands where revolving circular saws pull the lint through closely spaced ribs that prevent the seed from passing through. The lint is removed from the saw teeth by air blasts or rotating brushes, and then compressed into bales weighing approximately pounds.
Cotton is then moved to a warehouse for 7. Module Feeder Conveyor Distributor 2. Suction Telescopes Big-J Feed Control Vertical Flow Drier Centrifugal Cleaner 5. Incline Cleaner Stripper Cleaner Battery Condenser 7.
Stick Machine Covered Lint Slide 8. Tower Drier Belt Feeder 9. Impact Cleaner Bale Tying Bale Bagging And Conveying 8. Cotton Yarn Manufacturing Process Yarn manufacturing is a sequence of processes that convert raw cotton fibres into yarn suitable for use in various end-products.
A number of processes are required to obtain the clean, strong, uniform yarns required in modern textile markets.
Sourcing & Manufacturing
Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn , yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes. Different types of fibres are used to produce yarn. Cotton remains the most important natural fibre, so is treated in depth. There are many variable processes available at the spinning and fabric-forming stages coupled with the complexities of the finishing and colouration processes to the production of a wide range of products. Cotton is the world's most important natural fibre.
Consumption is measured by the amount of raw cotton fibre purchased and used to manufacture textile materials. Worldwide cotton production is annually about 80 to 90 million bales The rest is produced by about 75 other countries. Raw cotton is exported from about 57 countries and cotton textiles from about 65 countries. Many countries emphasize domestic production to reduce their reliance on imports.
Learn about the combination of instrument evaluations and skilled cotton classer assessments used to determine cotton fiber properties. Cotton plant development occurs in specific stages of reproductive growth and cotton plant development must be optimized for ideal fiber production. Get the science.
Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes
Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th Textile Manufacturing Processes. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability. Man is a friend of fashion in nature.
Printer-Friendly Version. Error in element see logs Yarn Production. Modernization efforts have brought major changes to the U. Equipment has been streamlined and many operations have been fully automated with computers. Machine speeds have greatly increased.
All of our manufacturing processes are compatible with multifilament, spun, and monofilament yarns. The story of jeans begins in the mid 19th century simultaneously in two European cities. Dry-laid nonwovens. For raw materials to be used, quantities to be used and ingredients usage rankings, you should look into this formulation. Assembling, Finishing and Rigging The manufacturing steps of the parachutes are explained below: 1. Above all discussion we see that, the fabric process is start by gray fiber and colored by dyestuff which is finished fabric. Brief History b. SGL Group.
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A tour around a factory to find out about the manufacture of cotton fabric and the various tests it must pass before leaving the factory. The process begins with the farming of cotton plants and moves on to combing, spinning and dying in order to produce the final material. The fabric is then checked for faults and goes through stretching, pilling and washing tests before it is sent out to be made into clothing.
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Yarn consists of several strands of material twisted together. Each strand is, in turn, made of fibers, all shorter than the piece of yarn that they form. These short fibers are spun into longer filaments to make the yarn. Long continuous strands may only require additional twisting to make them into yarns. Sometimes they are put through an additional process called texturing.
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