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Fabrication household furniture

Fabrication household furniture

Wood Kitchen Cabinet and Countertop Manufacturing. Upholstered Household Furniture Manufacturing. Nonupholstered Wood Household Furniture Manufacturing. Metal Household Furniture Manufacturing. Household Furniture except Wood and Metal Manufacturing.

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Tailor-made Furniture Production

Furniture industry , all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household equipment.

The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U. It is very largely a 20th-century industry, its development having awaited the growth of a mass consumer market as well as the development of the mass-production technique. Earlier furniture making was a handicraft, going back to the most ancient civilizations. Examples of ancient furniture are extremely rare, but there is considerable knowledge of the pieces made by craftsmen in China, India, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome from pictorial representations.

Beds, tables, chairs, boxes, stools, chests, and other pieces were nearly always made of natural wood , though veneering was known in Egypt, where it was used to produce coffin cases of great durability. The Romans too used veneers, though chiefly for decorative purposes. Bronze was also used in Roman tables, stools, and couch frames. Pompeian wall paintings show that plain, undecorated wooden tables and benches were standard in kitchens and workshops and that panelled cupboards were common.

Chests for valuables were covered with plates or bound with iron. The early Middle Ages were much poorer in household furnishings of every kind than the Roman world, but in the 14th and 15th century a growing affluence brought a major revival of furniture making, with many new types of cupboards, boxes with compartments, and various sorts of desks appearing.

The religious houses in particular were well supplied with furniture. Framed panelling, reintroduced in the Burgundian Netherlands, quickly spread. The mortise and tenon and mitre provided greatly improved joints. The growing sophistication in technique brought a revolutionary change in the men who made furniture. Where previously carpenters and joiners had made furniture along with every kind of building construction in wood, several circumstances combined to create a new profession: that of cabinetmaker.

The most important technical factor was the introduction, or reintroduction, of veneering, first in western Europe, then in Britain, North America , and elsewhere. In the earlier system of framework and panel, the framing gave the required strength in both length and width, the panel being a mere filling held in grooves.

Its attractive appearance was the result of highlights and shadows produced by the framing, moldings, and carving, which formed the chief means of decoration. The grain of the wood was incidental. The introduction of veneering coincided with the use of walnut as a furniture wood. It was soon realized that the grain of such a wood could be of decorative value, especially as veneering made it possible to use such visually attractive parts of the wood as burrs, butts, and curls, unreliable if used as solid wood.

It became the custom to have the grain of the veneer generally run crosswise because of its decorative appearance.

Marquetry a form of inlay in veneer was another example of the decorative use of the grain and colour of wood in surfaces unbroken by panelling. In addition to veneering and the new system of construction it involved, an impetus to the establishment of the trade of furniture making came from the increasing market demand provided by the growing affluence of the 17th and 18th centuries.

In the new system of construction, plain, flat parts are dovetailed together and then veneered. It can be contrasted with the traditional framed method of rails and stiles put together with mortise and tenon joints , the panels fitting in grooves.

Coinciding with this change, or preceding it by a few years, was another breakaway: that of the chairmaker , who had become another specialized craftsman. At first chairmaking was closely associated with wood turning but by the 18th century turned legs were largely replaced by shaped legs of the cabriole type.

Chairmaking has remained a separate branch of furniture making ever since. This growth of cabinetmaking as a trade of its own eventually resulted in a considerable degree of standardization of methods of construction, particularly in the types of joints used and in the thicknesses of wood for the various parts. It also resulted in an increased division of labour. Turnery became a separate trade, while the cabinetmaker assembled the turned parts; veneer and marquetry cutting was not done by the cabinetmaker although he laid both; carving too called for the skill and experience and tools of a craftsman who did nothing else.

Another specialist, the upholsterer, did his work after the chairmaker had made the frame; and it seems likely that finishing was seldom done by the cabinetmaker. This was certainly the case later in the 19th century when French polishing became the standard method of finishing furniture.

An important 19th-century change was the separation within the industry of those who made furniture from those who sold it. Previously the customer commissioned a cabinetmaker, perhaps after consulting a design book by Chippendale, Hepplewhite, or Sheraton. Or he might work out his requirements in consultation with the cabinetmaker or, if he were sufficiently wealthy, employ an architect or designer.

After the midyears of the 19th century the showroom gained popularity. Furniture industry. Info Print Print.

Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction History Modern furniture manufacturing Materials Natural wood Plywood Other materials Storage and transport Woodworking machinery Period furniture Modern factory layout The production process The art of chairmaking Fully upholstered furniture. See Article History. History Examples of ancient furniture are extremely rare, but there is considerable knowledge of the pieces made by craftsmen in China, India, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome from pictorial representations.

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CMTC Manufacturing Blog

Furniture industry , all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household equipment. The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U. It is very largely a 20th-century industry, its development having awaited the growth of a mass consumer market as well as the development of the mass-production technique. Earlier furniture making was a handicraft, going back to the most ancient civilizations. Examples of ancient furniture are extremely rare, but there is considerable knowledge of the pieces made by craftsmen in China, India, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome from pictorial representations.

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Posted by Steven Brand. Overall, the U. The market registered a 4. Although the first six months of saw a softened increase of 2.

Furniture industry

From individual machines and automated cells to fully interlinked systems — we help you to find the right solution to meet your specific needs, and to ensure your success in the long term. Your individual interlinked production combines the storage, handling, transport and processing of workpieces. Whether you need the flexibility of batch size 1 production to produce a wide range of product variants or want the efficiency of series production , we will find the right solution for you. Market-driven production costs resulting from an optimum use of resources, short throughfeed times and low stocks are crucial factors, particularly if you have a wide variety of products. Benefit from our industry expertise, our many years of experience and our in-depth knowledge of the widest product range from a single source. We have the perfect solution for you in the performance class you want! Today, manufacturing furniture panels without powerful and reliable machinery is no longer conceivable. We offer a system that is ideally suited to your needs. The ideal solution combining storage, handling, transport and processing of workpieces ensures a reliable production process that will put you on the path to success.

Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating e. Furniture is also used to hold objects at a convenient height for work as horizontal surfaces above the ground, such as tables and desks , or to store things e. Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to furniture's functional role, it can serve a symbolic or religious purpose.

Смит поднял брови.

Все посмотрели на экран. PFEE SESN RETM MFHA IRWE ENET SHAS DCNS IIAA IEER OOIG MEEN NRMA BRNK FBLE LODI Улыбалась одна только Сьюзан. - Нечто знакомое, - сказала .

Сьюзан - вздохнул он - Я не могу сейчас об этом говорить, внизу ждет машина. Я позвоню и все объясню. - Из самолета? - повторила .

То была моль, севшая на одну из плат, в результате чего произошло короткое замыкание. Тогда-то виновников компьютерных сбоев и стали называть вирусами. У меня нет на это времени, - сказала себе Сьюзан. На поиски вируса может уйти несколько дней. Придется проверить тысячи строк программы, чтобы обнаружить крохотную ошибку, - это все равно что найти единственную опечатку в толстенной энциклопедии.

Сьюзан понимала, что ей ничего не остается, как запустить Следопыта повторно.

Она попыталась собраться с мыслями. - Сегодня суббота, сэр. Обычно мы… - Знаю, - спокойно сказал.  - Но ситуация чрезвычайная. Сьюзан встала.

Inventories by Stage of Fabrication of Foreign-Owned Establishments, 47 5 3 39 39 4 4 30 Nonupholstered wood household furniture manufacturing.

Он готов был спорить на что угодно, хоть на собственную жизнь, потому что ясно представлял себе весь сценарий. Этот звонок будет для Хейла полной неожиданностью. Он запаникует и в конце концов, столкнувшись с группой вооруженных людей, ничего не сможет поделать.

Она постучала пальцем по кипе документов: - Вот твоя жизнь, Чед Бринкерхофф.  - Но, посмотрев на него, смягчилась.  - Могу я чем-нибудь тебе помочь, прежде чем уйду.

Если она потеряет с ним контакт, ей придется его позвать, и тогда Хейл может их услышать. Удаляясь от таких надежных ступенек, Сьюзан вспомнила, как в детстве играла в салки поздно ночью, и почувствовала себя одинокой и беззащитной, ТРАНСТЕКСТ был единственным островом в открытом черном море. Через каждые несколько шагов Стратмор останавливался, держа пистолет наготове, и прислушивался.

Но… но это невозможно! - У немца перехватило дыхание.

Он явно не верил своим ушам. - Dov'ela plata. Где деньги. Беккер достал из кармана пять ассигнаций по десять тысяч песет и протянул мотоциклисту. Итальянец посмотрел на деньги, потом на свою спутницу.

Затем он быстро побежит в заднюю часть собора, словно бы за помощью, и в возникшей неразберихе исчезнет прежде, чем люди поймут, что произошло. Пять человек. Четверо. Всего трое. Халохот стиснул револьвер в руке, не вынимая из кармана.

Эти аргументы она слышала уже много. Гипотетическое будущее правительство служило главным аргументом Фонда электронных границ. - Стратмора надо остановить! - кричал Хейл.

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  1. Zulujinn

    It is remarkable, rather valuable phrase