Units industrial other livestock products
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Understanding the place of animal feeding operations in the U. This chapter starts with information on the overall size of the major livestock feeding operations cattle, swine, dairy cows, and poultry and their relationship to crop agriculture. It then turns to the general economics of livestock agriculture and the structure of the livestock industry.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: The End of Animal Farming - Jacy Reese - TEDxUniversityofMississippi
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- Livestock & Other Animal Food Manufacturing Industry Profile
- Meat and Dairy Production
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- Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects
- Intensive animal farming
- Agricultural production - livestock and meat
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Livestock is commonly defined as domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat , eggs , milk , fur , leather , and wool. The term is sometimes used to refer solely to those that are bred for consumption, while other times it refers only to farmed ruminants , such as cattle and goats.
Poultry and fish are not included in the category. The breeding, maintenance, and slaughter of livestock, known as animal husbandry , is a component of modern agriculture that has been practiced in many cultures since humanity's transition to farming from hunter-gatherer lifestyles. Animal husbandry practices have varied widely across cultures and time periods, and continues to play a major economic and cultural role in numerous communities.
Livestock as a word was first used between and , as a compound word combining the words "live" and "stock". Today, the modern meaning of cattle is domesticated bovines, while livestock has a wider sense. United States federal legislation defines the term to make specified agricultural commodities eligible or ineligible for a program or activity. Deadstock is defined in contradistinction to livestock as "animals that have died before slaughter, sometimes from illness or disease".
It is illegal in many countries, such as Canada , to sell or process meat from dead animals for human consumption. Animal-rearing originated during the cultural transition to settled farming communities from hunter-gatherer lifestyles. Animals are domesticated when their breeding and living conditions are controlled by humans. Over time, the collective behaviour, lifecycle and physiology of livestock have changed radically. Many modern farm animals are unsuited to life in the wild. The dog was domesticated early; dogs appear in Europe and the Far East from about 15, years ago.
The term "livestock" is nebulous and may be defined narrowly or broadly. Broadly, livestock refers to any breed or population of animal kept by humans for a useful, commercial purpose. Traditionally, animal husbandry was part of the subsistence farmer's way of life, producing not only the food needed by the family but also the fuel, fertiliser, clothing, transport and draught power.
Killing the animal for food was a secondary consideration, and wherever possible its products, such as wool, eggs, milk and blood by the Maasai were harvested while the animal was still alive. Animals can be kept extensively or intensively.
Extensive systems involve animals roaming at will, or under the supervision of a herdsman, often for their protection from predators. Ranching in the Western United States involves large herds of cattle grazing widely over public and private lands.
Ranching systems have been used for sheep , deer , ostrich , emu , llama and alpaca. In rural locations, pigs and poultry can obtain much of their nutrition from scavenging, and in African communities, hens may live for months without being fed, and still produce one or two eggs a week. In between these two extremes are semi-intensive, often family run farms where livestock graze outside for much of the year, silage or hay is made to cover the times of year when the grass stops growing, and fertiliser, feed and other inputs are bought onto the farm from outside.
Livestock farmers have suffered from wild animal predation and theft by rustlers. In North America, animals such as the gray wolf , grizzly bear , cougar , and coyote are sometimes considered a threat to livestock. In Eurasia and Africa, predators include the wolf, leopard , tiger , lion , dhole , Asiatic black bear , crocodile , spotted hyena , and other carnivores.
In South America, feral dogs , jaguars , anacondas , and spectacled bears are threats to livestock. In Australia, the dingo , fox , and wedge-tailed eagle are common predators, with an additional threat from domestic dogs that may kill in response to a hunting instinct, leaving the carcass uneaten.
Good husbandry, proper feeding, and hygiene are the main contributors to animal health on the farm, bringing economic benefits through maximised production. When, despite these precautions, animals still become sick, they are treated with veterinary medicines , by the farmer and the veterinarian. In the European Union, when farmers treat their own animals, they are required to follow the guidelines for treatment and to record the treatments given.
Animals are susceptible to a number of diseases and conditions that may affect their health. Some, like classical swine fever  and scrapie  are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease affect all cloven-hoofed animals. Vaccines are available against certain diseases, and antibiotics are widely used where appropriate.
At one time, antibiotics were routinely added to certain compound foodstuffs to promote growth, but this practice is now frowned on in many countries because of the risk that it may lead to antibiotic resistance.
According to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land , Livestock diseases are expected to get worse as climate change increase temperature and precipitation variability. Since many livestock are herd animals, they were historically driven to market "on the hoof" to a town or other central location. The method is still used in some parts of the world. Truck transport is now common in developed countries. Local and regional livestock auctions and commodity markets facilitate trade in livestock.
In other areas, livestock may be bought and sold in a bazaar , such as may be found in many parts of Central Asia. In developing countries, providing access to markets has encouraged farmers to invest in livestock, with the result being improved livelihoods. In stock shows , farmers bring their best livestock to compete with one another.
Animal husbandry has a significant impact on the world environment. In addition, livestock produce greenhouse gases. Strategies include using biogas from manure. The value of global livestock production in has been estimated at about billion dollars , constant dollars. Livestock provide a variety of food and nonfood products; the latter include leather, wool, pharmaceuticals, bone products, industrial protein, and fats. For many abattoirs, very little animal biomass may be wasted at slaughter.
Even intestinal contents removed at slaughter may be recovered for use as fertilizer. Livestock manure helps maintain the fertility of grazing lands. Manure is commonly collected from barns and feeding areas to fertilize cropland. In some places, animal manure is used as fuel, either directly as in some developing countries , or indirectly as a source of methane for heating or for generating electricity.
In regions where machine power is limited, some classes of livestock are used as draft stock, not only for tillage and other on-farm use, but also for transport of people and goods. Although livestock production serves as a source of income, it can provide additional economic values for rural families, often serving as a major contributor to food security and economic security. However, its use as a buffer may sometimes be limited where alternatives are present,  which may reflect strategic maintenance of insurance in addition to a desire to retain productive assets.
Even for some livestock owners in developed nations, livestock can serve as a kind of insurance. Many studies [ which? Social values in developed countries can also be considerable. For example, in a study of livestock ranching permitted on national forest land in New Mexico, USA, it was concluded that "ranching maintains traditional values and connects families to ancestral lands and cultural heritage ", and that a "sense of place, attachment to land, and the value of preserving open space were common themes".
In the US, profit tends to rank low among motivations for involvement in livestock ranching. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Livestock disambiguation. Animals kept for production of meat, eggs, milk, wool, etc.
Further information: History of agriculture. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Animal husbandry. Main article: Livestock transportation.
Further information: Agricultural show. Main article: Environmental effects of meat production. Agriculture and Agronomy portal. American Horse Council. Retrieved Public Health Ethics. Retrieved 23 November Retrieved January 18, Archived from the original PDF on The Advent of Canine Population Genomics".
PLOS Genetics. Bibcode : Sci Bibcode : PNAS.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Overseas Development Institute. JHU Press. The Shepherd's Life. Penguin: Random House. Annual Review of Public Health. Bynum; Ernest, Kenneth; Ernest, Debra. Pork Industry handbook. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 17 May Intensive Livestock Farming. Archived from the original on Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 20 May
The U. Over two-thirds of these farms-1,, farms 69 percent-reported livestock inventory or livestock sales. Farms with livestock vary widely in the number and kind of livestock on the farm. Some raise few livestock, primarily for home consumption.
Companies in this industry manufacture food for livestock including beef and dairy cattle, poultry, hogs, and other food animals, primarily from grains, proteins, vitamins, and other ingredients. Growing demand for animal protein in developing nations has driven growth in the market for livestock feed. China's growing middle class is shifting to a diet that includes more meat as wages rise and populations move to the cities. Improving conditions in African nations are driving demand for meat, which in turn fuels demand for livestock feed.
Livestock & Other Animal Food Manufacturing Industry Profile
It presents information on livestock and meat production in the European Union EU. However, the majority of livestock were held in just a few large Member States. One fifth The pig population is relatively cyclical. The population in was back up to that of after fluctuating at lower levels in the intervening years see Figure 1. Between and , the EU population of bovine animals grew steadily, then stabilised, and fell in The population of sheep fell relatively steadily between and , before stabilising and rebounding slightly. However, the population shrank again in
Meat and Dairy Production
Veterinaries have access to a great variety of texts, journals, and continuing education opportunities to keep them on top of the tremendous technological advances in clinical care and preventive medicine. Outside of the technical realm, however, there are many global trends, which exert profound effects on how the veterinary profession serves society and how veterinary professionals define their role in a rapidly changing world. This new and unrivaled book delves into these influences in impressive detail, identifying new challenges and opportunities for the veterinary profession in a global context. David M. A book like no other in the field of veterinary medicine with pertinent information every student and practitioner will find beneficial.
Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production , also known by its opponents as factory farming ,  is a type of intensive agriculture , specifically an approach to animal husbandry designed to maximize production, while minimizing costs. There is a continuing debate over the benefits, risks and ethics of intensive animal farming. The issues include the efficiency of food production; animal welfare ; health risks and the environmental impact e.
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Feeding the world in a sustainable way is one of our most pressing challenges in the coming decades. Meat plays a pivotal role in this. Meat is an important source of nutrition for many people around the world.
Workers working on apartment construction in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Photo by Axel Drainville, taken on 28 January Industries in Cambodia excluding extractive industries and mining are mostly within the garment, light manufacturing, agricultural, construction and tourism sectors. The Royal Government of Cambodia has set directions to transform Cambodia into a middle-income economy by and high-income country by , as mandated in the National Strategic Development Plan for — The directions emphasize the role of industry and small and medium enterprises as a key driver of future growth.
Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects
He has authored more than 75 journal publications and numerous conference publications, 4 books and 2 book chapters. Carbon footprint is one of the important environmental impacts, which has received greater attention from the public, government and media. Every company would like to reduce the carbon footprint of its products and consumers are looking for the products which emit lower carbon emissions in their entire life cycle. Assessment of Carbon footprint for different products, processes and services and also carbon labelling of products have become familiar topics in the recent past in various industrial sectors. Every industry has its unique assessment and modelling techniques, allocation procedures, mitigation methods and labelling strategies for its carbon emissions. With this background, this book has been framed with dedicated chapters on carbon footprint assessment on various industrial sectors.
The livestock sector globally is highly dynamic. In developing countries, it is evolving in response to rapidly increasing demand for livestock products. In developed countries, demand for livestock products is stagnating, while many production systems are increasing their efficiency and environmental sustainability. Historical changes in the demand for livestock products have been largely driven by human population growth, income growth and urbanization and the production response in different livestock systems has been associated with science and technology as well as increases in animal numbers.
Intensive animal farming
Contents - Previous - Next. Environmental challenges Conclusions. In , it provided more than half the global pork and poultry meat broiler production and 10 percent of the beef and mutton production.
Agricultural production - livestock and meat
They plod slowly around the pastures, heads bowed as they tear up mouthfuls of grass and let out soft, low moos. But some of these animals are not like the cattle you might find on other farms. Away from view, inside the hard-working stomachs of these cows, an experiment that could potentially change the planet is taking place. They have been given a vaccine against certain gut microbes that are responsible for producing methane as the animals digest their food.
Я же сказал. Возвращается домой, к мамочке и папочке, в свой пригород. Ей обрыдли ее испанская семейка и местное житье-бытье. Три братца-испанца не спускали с нее глаз.
Выполняя поручения людей из высшего эшелона власти, Бринкерхофф в глубине души знал, что он - прирожденный личный помощник: достаточно сообразительный, чтобы все правильно записать, достаточно импозантный, чтобы устраивать пресс-конференции, и достаточно ленивый, чтобы не стремиться к большему.
Приторно-сладкий перезвон каминных часов возвестил об окончании еще одного дня его унылого существования. Какого черта! - подумал. - Что я делаю здесь в пять вечера в субботу. - Чед? - В дверях его кабинета возникла Мидж Милкен, эксперт внутренней безопасности Фонтейна.
Сьюзан. Сьюзан… Она знала, что его уже нет в живых, но его голос по-прежнему преследовал. Она снова и снова слышала свое имя.