Space product technological equipment for foundry
SPACE, based in Italy, is internationally recognised for their design and construction of sand cooling and preparation equipment for green sand. The Italian equipment manufacturer was established in and has developed a unique methodology to achieve the highest quality sand with the lowest consumption of raw material, which is mainly Bentonite. JML Industrie recently launched their new thermal sand preparation unit with low energy consumption. JML's expertise in green sand plant development combined with the SPACE team methodology will help foundries move towards greener production. JML Industrie is consistently developing its European operations.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Materials, Tools and Equipment for Casting
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- AT&T Foundry Launches Innovation Space for Vertical Industries
- JML Industrie takes control of SPACE
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- Space manufacturing
- Fully Networked Aluminum Foundry
- Start-up of the Day: Foundry helps the fashion world on the path to innovation
- Imaging Premium Foundry
- UWE Bristol officially launches Foundry Technology Affinity Space
AT&T Foundry Launches Innovation Space for Vertical Industries
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the metal into a mold, and removing the mold material after the metal has solidified as it cools. The most common metals processed are aluminium and cast iron.
However, other metals, such as bronze , brass , steel , magnesium , and zinc , are also used to produce castings in foundries. In this process, parts of desired shapes and sizes can be formed. In metalworking , casting involves pouring liquid metal into a mold , which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowing it to cool and solidify. The solidified part is also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to complete the process.
Casting is most often used for making complex shapes that would be difficult or uneconomical to make by other methods. Melting is performed in a furnace. Virgin material, external scrap, internal scrap, and alloying elements are used to charge the furnace.
Virgin material refers to commercially pure forms of the primary metal used to form a particular alloy. Alloying elements are either pure forms of an alloying element, like electrolytic nickel , or alloys of limited composition, such as ferroalloys or master alloys. External scrap is material from other forming processes such as punching , forging , or machining. Internal scrap consists of gates , risers , defective castings, and other extraneous metal oddments produced within the facility.
The process includes melting the charge, refining the melt, adjusting the melt chemistry and tapping into a transport vessel.
Refining is done to remove harmful gases and elements from the molten metal to avoid casting defects. During the tap, final chemistry adjustments are made. Several specialised furnaces are used to heat the metal. Furnaces are refractory-lined vessels that contain the material to be melted and provide the energy to melt it. Modern furnace types include electric arc furnaces EAF , induction furnaces , cupolas , reverberatory , and crucible furnaces. Furnace choice is dependent on the alloy system quantities produced.
For ferrous materials EAFs, cupolas, and induction furnaces are commonly used. Reverberatory and crucible furnaces are common for producing aluminium, bronze, and brass castings. Furnace design is a complex process, and the design can be optimized based on multiple factors. Furnaces in foundries can be any size, ranging from small ones used to melt precious metals to furnaces weighing several tons, designed to melt hundreds of pounds of scrap at one time.
They are designed according to the type of metals that are to be melted. Furnaces must also be designed based on the fuel being used to produce the desired temperature. Electricity, propane, or natural gas are usually used to achieve these temperatures. The fuel used to reach these high temperatures can be electricity as employed in electric arc furnaces or coke.
The majority of foundries specialize in a particular metal and have furnaces dedicated to these metals. For example, an iron foundry for cast iron may use a cupola , induction furnace, or EAF, while a steel foundry will use an EAF or induction furnace. Bronze or brass foundries use crucible furnaces or induction furnaces. Most aluminium foundries use either electric resistance or gas heated crucible furnaces or reverberatory furnaces.
Degassing  is a process that may be required to reduce the amount of hydrogen present in a batch of molten metal. Gases can form in metal castings in one of two ways:. Hydrogen is a common contaminant for most cast metals. It forms as a result of material reactions or from water vapor or machine lubricants. If the hydrogen concentration in the melt is too high, the resulting casting will be porous; the hydrogen will exit the molten solution, leaving minuscule air pockets, as the metal cools and solidifies.
Porosity often seriously deteriorates the mechanical properties of the metal. An efficient way of removing hydrogen from the melt is to bubble a dry, insoluble gas through the melt by purging or agitation.
When the bubbles go up in the melt, they catch the dissolved hydrogen and bring it to the surface. Chlorine, nitrogen, helium and argon are often used to degas non-ferrous metals. Carbon monoxide is typically used for iron and steel. There are various types of equipment that can measure the presence of hydrogen. Alternatively, the presence of hydrogen can be measured by determining the density of a metal sample. In cases where porosity still remains present after the degassing process, porosity sealing can be accomplished through a process called metal impregnating.
In the casting process, a pattern is made in the shape of the desired part. Simple designs can be made in a single piece or solid pattern. More complex designs are made in two parts, called split patterns. A split pattern has a top or upper section, called a cope, and a bottom or lower section called a drag. Both solid and split patterns can have cores inserted to complete the final part shape. Cores are used to create hollow areas in the mold that would otherwise be impossible to achieve.
Where the cope and drag separates is called the parting line. When making a pattern it is best to taper the edges so that the pattern can be removed without breaking the mold. This is called draft. The opposite of draft is an undercut where there is part of the pattern under the mold material, making it impossible to remove the pattern without damaging the mold.
The pattern is made of wax, wood, plastic, or metal. The molds are constructed by several different processes dependent upon the type of foundry, metal to be poured, quantity of parts to be produced, size of the casting, and complexity of the casting.
These mold processes include:. In a foundry, molten metal is poured into molds. Pouring can be accomplished with gravity, or it may be assisted with a vacuum or pressurized gas. Many modern foundries use robots or automatic pouring machines to pour molten metal.
Traditionally, molds were poured by hand using ladles. The solidified metal component is then removed from its mold. Where the mold is sand based, this can be done by shaking or tumbling.
This frees the casting from the sand, which is still attached to the metal runners and gates — which are the channels through which the molten metal traveled to reach the component itself. Degating is the removal of the heads, runners, gates, and risers from the casting. Runners, gates, and risers may be removed using cutting torches , bandsaws , or ceramic cutoff blades.
For some metal types, and with some gating system designs, the sprue, runners, and gates can be removed by breaking them away from the casting with a sledge hammer or specially designed knockout machinery. Risers must usually be removed using a cutting method see above but some newer methods of riser removal use knockoff machinery with special designs incorporated into the riser neck geometry that allow the riser to break off at the right place.
Since this metal must be remelted as salvage, the yield of a particular gating configuration becomes an important economic consideration when designing various gating schemes, to minimize the cost of excess sprue, and thus overall melting costs. Heat treating is a group of industrial and metalworking processes used to alter the physical, and sometimes chemical, properties of a material. The most common application is metallurgical. Heat treatments are also used in the manufacture of many other materials, such as glass.
Heat treatment involves the use of heating or chilling, normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve a desired result such as hardening or softening of a material. Heat treatment techniques include annealing, case hardening, precipitation strengthening, tempering, and quenching.
It is noteworthy that while the term "heat treatment" applies only to processes where the heating and cooling are done for the specific purpose of altering properties intentionally, heating and cooling often occur incidentally during other manufacturing processes such as hot forming or welding. After degating and heat treating, sand or other molding media may remain adhered to the casting. To remove any mold remnants, the surface is cleaned using a blasting process.
This means a granular media will be propelled against the surface of the casting to mechanically knock away the adhering sand. The media may be blown with compressed air, or may be hurled using a shot wheel.
The cleaning media strikes the casting surface at high velocity to dislodge the mold remnants for example, sand, slag from the casting surface. Numerous materials may be used to clean cast surfaces, including steel, iron, other metal alloys, aluminium oxides, glass beads, walnut shells, baking powder, and many others. The blasting media is selected to develop the color and reflectance of the cast surface. Terms used to describe this process include cleaning, bead blasting, and sand blasting.
Shot peening may be used to further work-harden and finish the surface. The final step in the process of casting usually involves grinding, sanding, or machining the component in order to achieve the desired dimensional accuracies, physical shape, and surface finish. Removing the remaining gate material, called a gate stub, is usually done using a grinder or sander.
These processes are used because their material removal rates are slow enough to control the amount of material being removed. These steps are done prior to any final machining.
After grinding, any surfaces that require tight dimensional control are machined. Many castings are machined in CNC milling centers. The reason for this is that these processes have better dimensional capability and repeatability than many casting processes.
However, it is not uncommon today for castings to be used without machining. A few foundries provide other services before shipping cast products to their customers. It is common to paint castings to prevent corrosion and improve visual appeal. Some foundries assemble castings into complete machines or sub-assemblies. Other foundries weld multiple castings or wrought metals together to form a finished product.
More and more, finishing processes are being performed by robotic machines, which eliminate the need for a human to physically grind or break parting lines, gating material, or feeders.
JML Industrie takes control of SPACE
United States. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development. PANEL 2. Kiplinger Jr vice president government affairs American.
Nothing seems more inventive than the world of fashion. Yet despite constant renewal, there is still plenty of room for innovation in fashion. The Foundry project was set up for that purpose. It is the first fashion-tech incubator in Paris.
Foundry Launches to Usher in a New Wave of Fashion Tech Innovation
Samsung Electronics, a world leader in advanced semiconductor technology, today announced its ongoing commitment to foundry innovation and service at the Samsung Foundry Forum USA, providing the silicon community with wide-ranging updates on technology advances that support the most demanding applications of today and tomorrow. The event, held today in Santa Clara, California, features top Samsung executives and industry experts reviewing progress on semiconductor technologies and foundry platform solutions that enable developments in artificial intelligence AI , machine learning, 5G networking, automotive, the Internet of Things IoT , advanced data centers and many other domains. Jung added. Conventional GAA based on nanowire requires a larger number of stacks due to its small effective channel width. Samsung recently taped out the 3GAE test vehicle design and will focus on improving its performance and power efficiency going forward. For more information, please refer to the Newsroom links for GAA infographic and video clip. To date, most foundry customers have built and managed design infrastructure on their own servers. In addition, Samsung, Gaonchips — a fabless design company in Korea — and Cadence have successfully completed design verification based on the platform. I expect this program to provide more tangible business and technical benefits to us and the entire fabless industry. In the second half of this year, Samsung is scheduled to start the mass production of 6nm process devices and complete the development of 4nm process.
The intended aim is to maximize productivity and quality while keeping costs and resources to a minimum. The fully networked aluminum foundry includes melting and metering, metal transfer, die casting , surface treatment and process digitization. All three brands are part of the Norican Group, whose digital team will also be present to showcase the latest IIoT solutions for die casting applications. These digital products have been tested in practice and are designed to give aluminum foundries the reins when it comes to data and process control.
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the metal into a mold, and removing the mold material after the metal has solidified as it cools. The most common metals processed are aluminium and cast iron. However, other metals, such as bronze , brass , steel , magnesium , and zinc , are also used to produce castings in foundries.
Fully Networked Aluminum Foundry
Known for over years as an innovator of process technologies, Simpson established the Peter L. The Simpson Test Center provides you with a low cost, risk free method to define and optimize your process while utilizing a variety of conditions and machine configurations. The Simpson Test Center provides you with support from experimentation, to process development to process optimization and finally to the successful start of production. These tasks frequently include:.
English Deutsch. Farming 4. Agriculture is in a climate dilemma: it is a greenhouse gas emitter, but at the same time it will be particularly affected by the effects of climate change. In particular, methane from livestock farming, fertilization of manure and solid manure fields, and nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils as a result of nitrogen fertilization are responsible for the high level of CO2 equivalent in agriculture. Innovation as a solution In addition to changing consumer behavior, technical measures
Start-up of the Day: Foundry helps the fashion world on the path to innovation
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In Phase 1, an integrated fluid delivery platform and a custom made plasma driver has been developed for direct write, plasma jet printing technology. Direct write printing technologies play a key role in the fabrication of next generation of printed electronics products. The need for multiple tools for printing and processing different sets of materials will increase the payload, occupy large space and consume more resources in ISS, all of which are undesirable. Some challenges for mission infusion include development of suitable hardware and software for automated process development, multi-material printing, electrical, chemical safety and no air borne particulate by products of process.
Imaging Premium Foundry
Chris Skidmore — minister of state for universities, science, research and innovation, and the MP for nearby Kingswood — was in attendance to learn more about the digital skills-focused facility. The impressive state-of-the-art facility, with its cutting-edge technology, will introduce a range of innovative new courses for students. UWE Bristol is an increasingly significant player in the tech world. Click here to read the full article.
UWE Bristol officially launches Foundry Technology Affinity Space
United States. Committee on Education. Sayfa
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