Amla : Mother of Herbs

It is believed that what gold is to the minerals, amla is to the herbs.  is also called amalaki, dhatriphala and vayastha in Sanskrit and Emblica officinalis scientifically. It is the most widely used herb in the ayurvedic system of medicine. Legends tell us that Chayavana Rishi regained his youthfulness because of the specific use of a herbal compound which primarily consisted of amla.

The English name of amla — Indian gooseberry — denotes that it is indigenous to India. Its light green fruit grows on a small tree which is found in wet forests of hill areas throughout the Indian subcontinent. Though all parts of the tree have medicinal value, it is the fruit which constitutes the main drug.

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Dentification of volatile components in Phyllanthus emblica L. and their antimicrobial activity.

Liu X, Zhao M, Luo W, Yang B, Jiang Y.

College of Light Industry and Food Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, The People's Republic of China.

The volatile components and in vitro antimicrobial activities of Emblica (Phyllanthus emblica L.) essential oils (EOs) obtained by hydrodistillation (HD-EO) and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE-EO) were investigated. The compositions of volatile compounds in these oils were tentatively determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The antimicrobial activites of these two extracts were investigated with microbiological tests against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and three pathogenic fungi. The main components of both oils were beta-caryophyllene, beta-bourbonene, 1-octen-3-ol, thymol, and methyleugenol. Both essential oils showed a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against all the tested microorganisms. Gram-positive bacteria were more sensitive to the investigated oils than Gram-negative bacteria. SFE-EO exhibited a higher antifungal activity compared to HD-EO.

PMID: 19459747 [PubMed - in process]

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